Fire Safety Law
Fire safety law

Fire Safety Law - your responsibilities

Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
Under the Fire Safety Order 2005 a 'responsible person', must carry out, or appoint a 'competent person' to carry out a suitable and sufficient risk assessment of the risks to your employees and other 'relevant persons' from fire. 

Am I responsible for my businesses fire safety?

A 'responsible person'

The responsible person in a workplace is either:

  • employer
  • owner
  • person who has control of the premises 


This also applies to non for profit organisations. 

If you or your organisation employs five or more people, your premises are licensed, or an alterations notice requiring you to do so is in force, you must record the significant findings of your fire risk assessment and the actions you have taken. 

Responsible persons under the Order are required, following a risk assessment, to implement appropriate fire safety measures and keep the assessment up to date.

A 'competent person'

The competent person or fire risk assessor need not possess any specific academic qualifications but should:

  • understand the relevant fire safety legislation 
  • have appropriate education, training, knowledge and experience in the principles of fire safety 
  • have an understanding of fire development and the behaviour of people in fire 
  • understand the fire hazards, fire risks and relevant factors associated with occupants at special risk within the buildings of the type in question 
  • have appropriate training and/or experience in carrying out fire risk assessments 

Fire Safety in the workplace guide click here:

The risk assessment

A fire risk assessment is an organised and methodical look at your premises, the activities carried on there and the likelihood that a fire could start and cause harm to those in and around the premises. 

This is split into five steps...

  1. Identify fire hazards
  2. Identify people at risk
  3. Evaluate, remove, reduce and protect from risk
  4. Record, plan, inform, instruct and train
  5. Review

Risk assessments can vary greatly dependent the nature and complicity of the business. For your risk assessment checklist click here: